Mukesh Ambani promises to pioneer 5G by the second-half of 2021. Following the establishment of the 4G market in India. Therefore, Reliance Jio is all set with its 2021 plans to set up 5G in India.
Simultaneously, other tech-giants are preparing to enter the market.
Not just that new and international opponents might enter the market.
Undoubtedly, the plans of 5G were already under progress from the past few years.
Reliance Jio: Mukesh Ambani during the Indian Mobile Congress conference cited,” I assure you that jio will pioneer the 5G revolution in India in the second half of 2021.” Additionally, he assured the network and required equipment will be indigenously developed. Jio has partnered with Qualcomm for 5G network deployment.
The Contenders of the 5G in India
Airtel: Recently, Chairman of Airtel- Sunil Bharti cited in the Indian Mobile Congress,” 5G will become a norm in the mobile broadband in the next 2-3 years in India.
While Airtel started its preparations for 5G long back. Still, the company doesn’t signal about the launch. It also acquired stakes in OneWeb, UK based company. It will assist in following the satellite route to set up a 5G network. Alongside, the spectrum-based network might be already in the plans.
Vi(Vodafone- Idea): After incurring losses, Vodafone and Idea merged. Also, the company has shown interest in setting -up the 5G network.
VestaSpace: An Indian Startup that deals in space- technology. The company is involved in building satellite platforms. However, this startup also has not completely sidelined the spectrum-based network establishment. Joining the race in 5-G network in India, the company claims to set-up a satellite-based network system. The company is to deploy 35 satellites in 2020 which might be operational by 2021.
SpaceX-Starlink: Though, CEO of SpaceX Elon Musk has shown no direct signs of entering the Indian 5G market. It seems like the company might enter. Mr. Elon has even exhorted the Indian government to allow for satellite-based networking services. Besides, has shown concerns over high fees and tax-related issues. Source-(Telecom economic times).
Although, for now only Jio has clarified its plan and assured deployment of 5G network-based services by the second half of 2021. The other opponents would certainly not want to lack behind in the digital race.
The satellite system proposed can easily reduce the problem of deployment of the network systems in remote and underdeveloped areas. It will surely be a boon for a country like India.
The Concerns raised (Companies)
While there are reasons for competitive companies to maintain pace following the announcement made by Mr. Mukesh Ambani. There are reasons what could hinder the opponents to take steps further.
Either it’s Jio or Airtel, some similar and a few varied concerns are addressed by the companies.
Infrastructure– The current infrastructure in India isn’t compatible enough to operate 5G services. Hence, this adds up to the cost for firms individually.
Costly Spectrum band network: Since the cost for spectrum band is high, the task to provide cost-effective networking services is a huge concern.
The entry of Foreign Firms: The prospect companies have raised concerns over competition with high-tech foreign firms.
Unaffordable Compatible Gadgets: Mr. Mukesh Ambani in the recent digital conference of Indian Mobile Congress urged for- policy changes to ensure affordability of smart-phone by users stuck with 2G compatible devices.
Users’ Concerns for 5G in India
With a wave of happiness of 5G speedy connectivity, users might have their concerns:
First, will a shift to 5G compatible devices be required by the users?
Second, will it be worth to spend on devices and still discover the slighter difference in the speed.
Third, essentially data security comes as a major concern among users.
Last but not the least, accessible affordable packages is still a question to many.
The concerns are in a way are similar to what network providers are concerned about, keeping in mind the consumer needs.
Countries already ahead in 5G race
Many countries have already using the 5G network system. The leading countries in the 5G network are South Korea, China, the United States. It is of extreme importance for India to join other countries. India is already lacking behind. If delayed it might hinder the dream of the digital Indian economy.
India ranks second in the internet consumption. India’s entry to the 4G was a bit late. The acceleration after the set-up was massive. Nonetheless, the government has laid out plans. It asked companies to initiate and come further. The auction of Spectrum-band for 5G network-based network will start in 2021. The companies are hoping for affordable spectrums so that they could begin as soon as possible.
The development and deployment of 5G network surely ensure the ATMA NIRBHAR BHARAT.
Lastly, Mr. Ambani added in his statement of the indigenously developed network. Hence, have an upper hand with Reliance. While other competitors are geared up surely. Clearly, Jio is leading the 5G development in India for now.
Apart from this, problems are rising for Reliance amid the farmers’ protest. Farmers are boycotting the Reliance products. The denial might continue later. All in all, what happens next is uncertain to an extent.
Author: Mansi Goel
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