A brief look at the Myanmar coup and its impact on India

Four days after the military coup in Myanmar, India has kept a balanced approach on Myanmar at the United Nations Security Council meeting.
A military tank on the roads of Myitkyina, Kachin State…February 3, 2021

Four days after the military coup in Myanmar, India has kept a balanced approach on Myanmar at the United Nations Security Council meeting. This meeting took place on Tuesday, February 2. New Delhi has made a constructive approach. At the same time, they ask for support for the democratic process in the country.

In the follow-up of the bloodless coup implemented by the military in Myanmar, India’s Ministry of External Affairs, in a statement had expressed its deep concern on the coup in Myanmar. Further, they are asking to uphold the “rule of law and the democratic process”.

A brief look at Myanmar’s History

Myanmar (formerly called Burma) has had a history of military dictatorships. It has witnessed Military Rule that lasted from 1962 to 2011 and now has resumed in 2021.

Myanmar gained its independence from the British Empire as a democratic nation in 1948, under the  BIA(Burmese Independence Army). First Military Rule started in 1958 and direct military rule began when Ne Win captured power through a coup d’etat (Takeover) in 1962. Burma became a  military dictatorship under the BSPP(Burmese Socialist Programme Party), and it lasted 26 years.

Myanmar coup- Now, the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, Min Aung Hlaing, is the leader of the country.
Min Aung Hlaing..{file photo}

In 2011, the military rule came to an end and was officially dissolved following a 2010 General Election. A nominally civilian government was installed after that.

On 1 February 2021, the Tatmadaw(Myanmar Army) arrested Aung San Suu Kyi, President Win Myint, and other government leaders. Later they proceeded to take control of the government and cast a one-year state of Emergency.

Now, the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, Min Aung Hlaing, is the leader of the country.

India and Myanmar

India shares a close bond with Myanmar, from the time of getting free from the British Empire. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose had also played a key role in the Indo-Burman relations. Most of his war-preparations were performed from the Burmese land. 

Madam Suu Kyi’s connection to India is firm and popular, including her education in India. It was through her father Aung San, that New Delhi has been able to build a close, co-operative connection with Myanmar’s military. Especially in terms of counter-insurgency operations in border areas.

Above all, India gave INS Sindhuvir to Myanmar. They inducted it as UMS Minye Theinkhathu. Currently, it is the only Submarine Myanmar has.

The Present Situation and India’s hopes

Although there has been no communication between Indian- Myanmar governments since the Tatmadaw(Myanmar Army) started ruling the nation. Still, India plans to continue with its developmental work, particularly in the sensitive areas of Rakhine State. Here, India is working towards building the Sittwe Port and homes for the Rohingyas.

At the same time, the world differs in its opinion about the current situation in Myanmar. Despite this, India wants to put forth a constructive approach and remain engaged with it. Do you know the major reason why India cannot look down on the issue? It is the insurgent groups that find a safe haven in Myanmar.

Though they have remained in a state of dormancy after the surgical strikes on 9th June 2015.

There is still a chance that they might walk out of their long-lasting dormancy now! Furthermore, India needs Myanmar’s support in order to combat the evil tactics. Chinese Army implies them in the North-eastern provinces and the South China Sea.

India is still in a wait-and-watch situation. Bilahari Kausikan is the former permanent secretary of Singapore’s foreign ministry. He has stated,

As developments in Myanmar play out, it would be prudent for the US and ASEAN not to forget that no external party has much influence in Myanmar and that Myanmar’s future lies in its own hands.

The same goes true when it comes to India’s interference in Myanmar’s affairs. Therefore, India is keeping a close eye on the situation. In addition, on the follow-up actions of China and other international powers.

Recent Updates

Protests against the Coup in Myanmar have turned out to be bigger than the Saffron Revolution led by Monks in 2007. Thousands of people have taken to roads. They are carrying placards that read ‘No Dictatorship‘ and ‘Save Democracy‘. Now, the internet ban has been uplifted. Even, the Public and officials are appealing to Boycott work. To show their support to Suu Kyi.

The UNSC also has called for the release of Suu Kyi and other Government Officials. Thomas Andrew, The UNSC special rapporteur stated that Myanmar is now fighting for Democratic Rights and is annulling Military Dictatorship, once and for all.

28th February 2021, Police opens fire on the protestors in Myanmar! According to the UN Human Rights Office, around 18 people were killed in the bloodshed! The death of protestors is giving new boost to the struggle against the coup!

AuthorApexa Rai

                                                                                          


Do read our other articleMemes on Budget 2021 swamped the internet

Featured image creditNews vibes of India

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