“Green Revolution, the best solution to arrest pollution.”
The Green Revolution in India is also known as the Third Agricultural Revolution. The period of the Green Revolution in the 1960s. Agriculture occupies an essential spot in the life and economy of India. It is the backbone of our economic system.
About Green Revolution in India
The Green Revolution in India: A period when agriculture converted into an industrial system in India. The reason is the adoption of modern methods and technology. Such as the use of high-yielding variety (HYV) seeds, tractors, irrigation facilities, pesticides, and fertilizers.
The following facts bring out the importance of agriculture in the economic life of the nation:
1. Above all, Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of India. About 69% of the working force is engaged in agriculture. Thus, Agriculture provides means of livelihood to a large majority of people.
2. Further, the chief source of national income is Agriculture.
In 1960-61, it contributed almost half of our national income. But percentage-wise this figure declined since then to 32.1 percent in 1989-90. Besides, still, agriculture is the predominant sector of our economy.
3. Agriculture feeds the population of the country. Also, it provides food for people and fodder for our cattle.
4. Most importantly, Agriculture forms the basis of our industries. Raw materials like cotton, jute, oilseeds, etc., are supplied by agriculture to industry.
5. The revenues of the State Governments are greatly dependent upon the favorable condition of agriculture.
‘Green Revolution’ had only a limited impact on Indian agriculture. The benefits of the Green Revolution have been reaped only by the rich farmers holding large holdings. They have been able to acquire the necessary supplies of fertilizers, tractors, water pumps, and so on. However, the green revolution did not benefit all regions. Also, the green revolution remained confined to irrigation areas only. It also failed to have any impact on the production of pulses and oilseeds. It has promoted the inequalities of income and wealth. Besides, it mainly benefited the rich farmers who had the means to buy and make use of modern inputs.
Author– Pragya Verma
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