In the past, infant and childhood deaths and short life spans used to limit population growth across the world. In the modern era, improvement in health facilities and advancement in technology has paced up. The birth rate has been increased and the death rate of infants as well as elders have been decreased. The global population has grown from 1 billion in 1800 to 7.8 billion in 2020. This has caused a serious problem with POPULATION EXPLOSION.
The word Population explosion refers to the rapid rise in population. For countries like Spain, where the population is decreasing at a rapid speed, the population explosion can be good. In contrast to developing countries like India, where the population is almost 17.35% of that of the world. In truth, the population explosion is a serious problem. As a result, it is harming the development of the country.
Many surveys clearly say that India’s population density is 416 people per sq. km. In the year 2019, India marked as the second most populated country after China. It has an estimated population of 1.38 billion.
CAUSE OF POPULATION EXPLOSION
- Low death rate.
- Advanced technology.
- Improved medical facilities.
- Lack of family planning.
- Unemployment: Fast growth in population means a large amount of youth eligible for employment. This is a tedious task for a developing country like India. Eventually, it leads to unemployment.
- Food Scarcity: This much amount of the population requires food also. Efforts to increase agricultural activities have been made. Still, it is not possible to meet food needs. Hence, This leads to food scarcity.
- Low per capita income: India’s national income grew at an average annual rate of 3.6 percent per annum. But, per capita income had risen around one percent.
- Environment: Higher birth rate brings more pollution, more toxic wastes, and damage to the biosphere.
On 15th August 2019, Prime Minister Narendra Modi also stated the fear of population explosion in India. He stressed it as an obstacle in the way of development.
- Promote family planning: In India “Family planning scheme” was introduced in 1951 for creating awareness about family planning among people.
- Women empowerment.
- Despite costly medical treatment, some couples cannot bear kids. They can be advised to adopt orphans. Consequently, both orphans and couples with children will get benefits.
- Increasing employment: People use to migrate from one place to another in the search of a job. If the job will be available at their own place they will not migrate. Therefore, the population of any particular area will not increase.
POPULATION CONTROL BILL
In 2019, MP Rakesh Sinha introduced the “Population control bill” in Rajya Sabha. The purpose of the bill was to control the population of India.
The bill was introduced in Rajya Sabha on 7th February 2020, to amend the Article 47A of the Constitution of India. It aimed at introducing a two-child policy per couple. Besides that, the bill proposes to incentivize its adoption through various measures. These measures include educational benefits, tax cuts, and home loans. Similarly, free healthcare, and better employment opportunities.
Above all, the bill is yet to be a law.
AUTHOR: KRITI SRIVASTAVA