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The two beautiful yet contrary states of India – Kerala, and Rajasthan

Firstly, Introduction to diversities among the states of India-Kerala and Rajasthan

Initially, it will be an immense experience to discuss on Kerala and Rajasthan states of India and they are the top most beautiful states of India.

One may wonder both the cities have entirely different geographical features, culture, tradition, historical background, traditional and language background, art, and architecture, pilgrimages, domestication of animals, wildlife habitat, economy, agricultural practices, education, transport,  tourist spots, etc., These researches still prove to us the beauty in the diversity of Indian states.

Eventually, come let’s explore more on Kerala and Rajasthan!!!

Features of Kerala and Rajasthan

 Kerala is situated in the Southwestern part of India while Rajasthan is in the northwestern part. Rajasthan is the largest state in India while Kerala stands in 21st place. Eventually the capital of Rajasthan is Jaipur and for Kerala it is Thiruvananthapuram.

Rajasthan means ”Land of Kings”. It is called so that it is home to several forts built by various kingdoms in its tenure of rule. Rajasthan has the desert area called Thar desert, while Kerala is known as the “Gods own country”, for its natural scenic beauty with backwaters and beautiful beaches, its temples, music, dance and art forms, and Ayurveda a traditional medical practice of the state.

 Jaipur is popularly known as Pink City, Jodhpur is also referred as Blue City and desert city of Jaisalmer is called the Land of Sand of Rajasthan

Historical background

Kerala

The spices available in Kerala played a major role in shaping its History

Kerala was famous for its spices. Hence various rulers maintained their trade with Kerala globally. The Chera, Chola, Pandyas alternatively ruled this region during the early period that is the first five centuries. Malayalam became predominant during the Kulashekhara dynasty till the 12th century. During the 15th century, the foreign invasion began with the arrival of Vasco da Gama in Calicut. Then the Portuguese, Dutch, French, and English colonisations occurred.

Rajasthan

Amber fort of Jaipur, Rajasthan

Initially the inhabitation in Rajasthan began from the Indus valley civilization period along the Saraswati river from the Aravalli mountain range. Later many dynasties such as the Mauryan dynasty, Gupta dynasty, Rajput dynasty, Chauhan, many Muslim rulers, Mughals especially under Akbar’s rule, Marathas, and finally the British East Indian Company

Architecture

The Sabarimala Sastha temple

Additionally, Kerala has a unique style of architecture. It emerged in the southwest part of India. Eventually Kerala’s architecture is based on the book called Vasthu Shastra. Additionally, Manushyalaya-Chandrika is a book completely dedicated to the domestic architecture of Kerala. Some temples in Kerala are

Temple NameCity Name
Sree Padmanabhaswamy TempleThiruvananthapuram
Sabarimala Sastha TemplePathanamthitta
Attukal Bhagavathy TempleThiruvananthapuram
Ambalapuzha Sree Krishna TempleAmbalapuzha
Chottanikkara TempleChottanikkara
Guruvayoor Srikrishna TempleGuruvayoor
Ettumanoor Mahadeva TempleKottayam

According to Vasthu-Shastra, the temples are built in such a way to regulate energy flow that is the positive energy flows in and negative energy flows out. Each temple in Kerala has a unique style of construction of its own

Rajasthan

Umaid Bhavan Palace Rajasthan

At the same time, there are numerous forts and palaces in Rajasthan, which are popular tourist attractions. Māru-Gurjara architecture, or “Solaṅkī style” began in the 11th century AD which is influenced by the Gujarati style. Above all, the Dilwara Jain temples at Mount Abu are an excellent piece of this architecture. Furthermore there is the influence of Mughal architecture in many Palaces and houses in Rajasthan. For example Jharokha or enclosed balcony and Chhatri or open pavilions. Above all, some forts in Rajasthan are

  • Amber Fort, Jaipur
  • Jaisalmer Fort, Jaisalmer
  • Ranthambore Fort, Ranthambore National Park
  • Chittorgarh Fort, Chittorgarh
  • Gagron Fort, Gagron
  • Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur
  • Hawa Mahal, Jaipur
  • Lake Palace, Udaipur
  • Umaid Bhawan Palace, Jodhpur
  • Kumbhalgarh Fort, Rajsamand

Art, dance, festivals and tradition

Kerala

Generally, in Kerala, Kathakali is practiced most widely. Furthermore, here the dancer uses his entire body to portray a story and wears relating costumes and ornaments with facial makeup. Mohiniyattam is another form of dance. While kalarippayattu is a martial art that is believed to be the original form of karate, judo, and Kungfu. Some of the festivals celebrated in kerala are

Celebration during Onam festival
  • Onam
  • Vishu
  • Navratri
  • Deepavali
  • Mahasivratri
  • Christmas
  • Easter
  • Miladi Sherief
  • Ramadan
  • Bakrid
  • Thiruvathira

Rajasthan

Additionally, in Rajasthan Ghoomar of jodhpur and Kalbeliya of Jaisalmer is well known globally. For example, the traditional Rajasthani culture are Kathputali, Bhopa, Chang, Teratali, Ghindar, Kachchigghori, Tejaji, and parth.

In particular, the most notable forms of the visual art of Rajasthan are architectural sculpture on Hindu and Jain temples, painting illustrations to religious texts, etc. Additionally, notable festivals celebrated in Rajasthan are

Pushkar camel festival
  • International Folk Festival Jodhpur
  • pushkar camel fair
  • teej festival of Jaipur
  • desert festival Jaisalmer
  • Udaipur mewar festival
  • summer and winter festival mount Abu
  • Brajholi Bharatpur

Pilgrimage and tourist attractions

In Kerala from a long back then many religions have coexisted peacefully which is an appreciable one. One can witness them by visiting Hindu temples, Mosques, Churches, Jain temples, synagogues, Buddist monasteries, etc., It is also a beautiful place of a tourist attraction with its Backwaters in Allepy, Thekkady Periyar wildlife sanctuary, Munnar in the western ghats, etc.,

In Rajasthan from the majestic Thar desert to the gorgeous Aravalli range, it is home to an exotic experience while exploring the places. In addition, they include Band Baretha, Desert national park, Gajner wildlife sanctuary, Keoladeo Ghana National park, etc.,

Domestication and wildlife sanctuaries

Kerala

Firstly, Kerala consists of its most wildlife habitats in wet evergreen rain forests, highland deciduous forests, and semi-evergreen forests. Secondly, this marks the biodiversity or habitats in that region to be most significant in the world. Thirdly, on contrary, the Alappuzha district in Kerala has zero percent forest. Additionally, Some of the national parks in Kerala are

  1. Eravikulam National Park
  2. Silent Valley National Park
  3. Pampadum Shola National Park
  4. Mathikettan Shola National Park
  5. Anamudi Shola National Par

Rajasthan

India’s largest state, despite having deserted areas is home to various animals and bird species. Rajasthan is one of the top destinations in India for tiger sighting and birdwatching. It is also home to several national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and bird sanctuaries that make it to the top wildlife holiday destinations in India.

  1. For tiger sighting, Ranthambore National and Sariska National Park,
  2. For birdwatching, UNESCO World Heritage Site Keoladeo National park along with Tal Chhapar, Van Vihar, and Jorbeed make for the best destinations in the state.
  3. The Desert National Park is home to the critically endangered species of Great Indian Bustard. Apart from these, Rajasthan is home to a large number of leopards, blackbuck, great Indian spotted eagle, and marsh crocodiles.

Conclusion

Finally, we know that India is a beautiful country with exclusive traditions, culture, features, geography, etc., It consists of all the extremities from snowy mountains to fertile plains and plateaus, green and bushy forests to dry Thar deserts, mass city buildings to quiet islands, heavy traffic roads to beautiful beaches, etc. the comparison between Rajasthan and Kerala is a little icing over the cake. It is an immense pleasure to study and gain knowledge on India and its features, history, etc.


Authored by Indhirani K

Featured Image Credit :maharajaexpress

Read also : Bhutan: A wonderful country and an unexplored land

Indhirani K

Hii..This is Indhirani.. working as Junior content writer in Akashbaani and delivering the essence of day to day events!!!

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