Nipah virus is there in animals and Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are the main carrier of this disease. After 3 years Nipah virus case again came from Kerala.
12 years old boy from Kozhikode district in Kerala is infected by this virus. Also, the Central government has sent a team from National Centre for Disease Control to the district. Kerala government is also taking necessary measures to stop the spread of this virus. Furthermore, The health minister of Kerala Veena George will reach the Kozhikode district as well.
Firstly it came to West Bengal in India in 2001. As a result, its main spreader was fruit bats. In 2018, 17 people were dead out of 18 cases of the Nipah virus in West Bengal.
Causes of Nipah virus
According to the report of the Indian Journal of virology. The virus spread if you came in direct contact with the infected pigs or other animals. Furthermore, it is also spreading through fruits contaminate by fruit bats. It also spread by coming in direct contact with the infected person.
The symptom of this virus is visible in 5 to 14 days. Mainly the symptoms are headache, fever, fainting, and nausea. Moreover, in some cases, stomach pain, vomiting, blurred vision, and choking symptoms is there. It is also possible that the patient can go into a coma after 2 days from the symptoms begin.
Precautions to be taken
Be careful and ensure that the food of fruits you are eating is not contaminated by bats. Don’t drink toddy (An alcoholic beverage made from the sap of palm trees) in open containers near palm trees.
Avoid coming in contact with the infected person. Also, maintain a safe distance and timely sanitize and wash hands. Ensure that your clothes, utensils, and especially things used in the bathrooms and toilets should be properly cleaned and hygiene should be maintained.
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